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AAFP guidelines suggest vaccinating all kittens but the vaccine is recommended in adults only if they will be in contact with a known FeLV positive cat – which would be a very rare situation. Viral isolation from blood samples and rectal swab specimens was attempted after FPV challenge. Both strains can cause genital herpes, but HSV-1 usually infects the mouth and produces cold sores. It is usually in kittens, although I have seen adult cats with it as well. Here are some general guidelines that we recommend. Both viruses are shed in secretions from the nose, eyes, and mouth of infected cats. Herpes Simplex & Scared.

This protein recognizes at least three receptors, namely, HVEM (herpes virus entry mediator), nectin 1 or 2 and 3-O sulfated heparan sulfate (3-O-S-HS), and triggers fusion of the viral envelope with the cell membrane [36]. This disease is not transmissible to humans. The most obvious symptom is usually conjunctivitis, and the disease is carried in the eye discharge of infected cats. If you’re concerned about how your cat may respond to his vaccination, ask your veterinarian for advice. Rarely, some individuals may have a more severe allergic reaction within minutes or hours of receiving the injection. The virus is most commonly spread from the saliva of infected animals via bite wounds and can also be transmitted to humans. These diseases could be transmitted through a food bowl, water bowl or litter box, but the viruses in the open air are typically very short lived and die within seconds.


In addition to an FVRCPC vaccine, your cat should also be vaccinated against rabies. We will tailor a treatment plan that suits your family as well as all pets in the household. Currently there is no real treatment for the disease except antiviral tablets which can be given, although they are not particularly effective. They can be given at the same time as their normal vaccination. The virus is spread from cat-to-cat through bite wounds, through casual contact with infected cats, and from an infected mother cat to her kittens. While this mild response will not make your cat ill, some vaccinations can cause an allergic reaction. Myxomatosis is unfortunately on the increase in Cheltenham and Gloucestershire and we do recommend that all rabbits are protected against this devastating disease.

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (Feline Herpesvirus) causes symptoms like a nasty cold – sneezing, nasal discharge, conjunctivitis, corneal ulceration, fever, anorexia. Your veterinarian can determine what vaccines are best for your cat. It is sometimes added to the FVRCP combo vaccine. Kittens with immature immune systems and unvaccinated cats are particularly susceptible. It is possible to provide additional protection by vaccinating with Kennel cough vaccine (which protects against infection with Bordatella). Discuss with your veterinarian rabies vaccination as recommendations vary depending on individual situations. In most cases horses that develop rabies are bitten by an infected animal without anyone knowing until the horse develops neurological signs.

*The vaccine against Feline Distemper includes Feline Herpes Virus (also known as Feline Rhinotracheitis), Feline Calicivirus and Feline Panleukopenia. Additional vaccines may be recommended if your cat lives among other infected pets or if he has genetic predisposition to certain diseases. The virus is very persistent in the environment. You will be able to see the ulcers which look bad with the reddish side and the yellowish color on the center of the ulcers. Usually, a kitten vaccination series is given, followed by a booster at 1 year and every 3 years thereafter. FVRCP is a short form of a vaccine for 3 viruses that include rhinotracheitis (herpes), calicivirus and panleukopenia. When kittens suckle the colostrum from their mother, she passes some protection to them from her own immune system against these viruses, this is called ‘Maternally Derived Antibodies’ or MDA It is important to wait until 9 weeks of age before vaccinating kittens as before this the levels of MDA will still be high, and may destroy the vaccination before it has chance to work.

Feline Distemper (Panleukopenia) As early as 6 weeks, then every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age. Feline Panleukopenia is commonly referred to as Feline Distemper. It is very important that all kittens with the first series and all new cats are vaccinated with a vaccine against the unknown story and then annual boosters the first year or so depending on the advice of your veterinarian. Without these antibodies ready, the pet has little  protection against the disease and will get sick. the rest may fall in between 8 weeks and 12 weeks…but we simply don’t know how immuno-competent a kitten may be…so rather then gamble with the kitten’s health we vaccinate at four week intervals until the age of 16 weeks. If you look at your cat’s vaccination card, you may well see the following details of vaccines given : RCPFeLV  – what does it all mean?